Berggericht – mineralogická expozícia - Banská Štiavnica

Berggericht

21Sep

The building of Berggericht with a rich history hides a valuable Mineralogical exhibition with more than four hundred minerals from the whole world. A short (75 m) and readily accessible mining tunnel Štôlňa Michal leads to its internal yard. The tunnel Michal is a good option in case of a short stay or families with children. Information centre can be found on the ground floor of the building.

In the late 15th century, two stone townhouses used to stand at the place of today’s building placed in the north of Námesie sv. Trojice (Holy Trinity Square). They belonged to rich miners and a huge room for making business and a large open yard with a well under the gates used to be there. During the Renaissance period, in the late 16th century, the houses were united and joined by street structures. A circular storey bay window used to stand on one of the corner columns.

Until late 17th century the building had belonged to a famous family of Baron Johann Gottfried Hellenbach – one of the richest inhabitants of the Kingdom of Hungary. He was a doctor, the supporter of Francis II Rákóczi, the owner of mines, brew houses, houses and large premises in several regions of Slovakia. He served as a main count for finances and economy and he was a leader of the regional Lutherans, as well. In the late 18th century the house became the seat of the most important mining judicial institution – Mining District Court. This is where its name “Berggericht” comes from.

The building had been used by Mining Academy since 1860. It used to be the place of lecture halls, a library, mineralogical collections and even the flat of the Professor of Geology and Mineralogy.

Source: banskastiavnica.travel

Štôlňa Glanzenberg - Banská Štiavnica

Glanzenberg

21Sep

Glanzenberg, meaning Sparkling Hill, isn’t just the name of a hill above the town.It’s also the name of a hereditary mining tunnel – one of the oldest in the Banská Štiavnica region.Hereditary mining tunnels were used for draining the tunnels. They were called “hereditary”, because they had been built by

Kammerhof - Banská Štiavnica

Kammerhof

21Sep

Kammerhof, meaning Court of Exchequer Chamber is the biggest building complex in the historic town. It is a place of exhibit depicting the history of mining in the Štiavnica Mountains as well as the mining in Slovakia. Visitors will find here working models of machines, demonstrating the ways of mining and draining water

Nový zámok - Banská Štiavnica

New Castle

21Sep

The building of the Nový zámok Castle (New Castle) is one of the architectural icons of the town. Its silhouette is unique in Europe; it reminds a rocket. It is also a place of Battles against Turks exposition with rare pieces of weapons. Moreover, the visitors of the castle are offered an extraordinary view of the town.

When Buda collapsed in 1526, the country had to manage an effective defence against Turkish expansion. For unimaginable 150 years the Turkish thread was a day-to-day reality of the Štiavnica region. Turks subdued many municipalities in its surrounding, but they never conquered Banská Štiavnica. It might have been caused by the fact that the inhabitants of Štiavnica sacrificed very much for their security: they built a fortification around the town which did not come cheap.

Besides the parish church rebuilt to become a renaissance military fortification, also the stone city gates were rebuilt to protect access roads to the town. An inner fortified circuit was another safety element with additional gates in the town centre. Out of the new stronghold, today known as Nový zámok Castle (New Castle), contemporary artillery could be used easily. The Castle had been a part of a sophisticated system of fortified buildings and a watchtower with a stable guard duty to protect wider territory of the central-Slovakia mining towns. From this watchtower the watchers called “vartáši” used to warn of the danger observed by smoke Morse code signals by day or fire Morse code signals at night. The signals were passed from a hill to a hill, from town to town.

Today, the building of the Nový zámok Castle (New Castle) is one of the architectural Icons of the town. Despite the hard times (and maybe thanks to them) the architecture which got inscribed in golden letters in the image of the town could arise. It has a silhouette unique in Europe. Did you notice it reminds a rocket? It is also a place of Battles against Turks exposition with rare pieces of weapons. Moreover, the visitors of the castle are offered an extraordinary view of the town.

Source: banskastiavnica.travel

Galéria Jozefa Kollára - Banská Štiavnica

Jozefa Kollár Gallery

21Sep

Jozef Kollár Art Gallery offers a permanent exhibition of visual art from 13th to 20th centuries from the region of Banská Štiavnica, along with other seasonal exhibitions. The quality of the art displayed goes beyond the regional framework. The gallery is situated at Holy Trinity Square (Námestie svätej Trojice).

Starý zámok - Banská Štiavnica

Old Castle

21Sep

Starý zámok castle (Old Castle) is considered a “stone chronicle of the town“. Its walls are the gate to the oldest secrets of Štiavnica. Long ago it used to be a church, but it was transformed into a fortress during the period of Turkish thread. It is a place of the exhibition about the oldest region’s history called “Miners Are Coming”, the exhibition of shooting targets, smithery, the famous pipe workshop or the exhibition of Baroque sculpture and Calvary in Asylum. The copies of the paintings from the altar of a mysterious Master M.S. are exhibited in the sacristy. The tower also offers an attractive view and some exemplars of historical clockwork. You can taste the atmosphere of a medieval dungeon in the tower of Himmelreich.

For many centuries people used to meditate as well as decide the fate of the town behind the stone walls of Old Caste. It is a magic place. Its history goes as far back as the 13th century when the Church of Saint Mary (three-aisled basilica with a square presbytery) was built on the spur of the Paradajs hill together with a cemetery.

In the 15th century the Church and the cemetery were surrounded by a wall and in 1540’s it was transformed into a fortress protecting people against Turks. This was the place of protection when the enemies were beating at the door. The vault of the main nave was later demolished and the parvis was created.
Buttresses, the spiral staircase and consoles are the proof of a Gothic reconstruction. Originally Gothic castle tower with an underpass is a dominant feature of the castle. Its today’s appearance is Baroque – as a result of the reconstruction carried out in 1777, when it was transformed into a bell tower.

The Chapel of St. Michal is also very interesting. The part above ground was called “karnárium” (carnarium) and the part underground – “ossarium” (ossuary). Ossuary was a storage place for non-rotten bones found when digging new graves.

Source: banskastiavnica.travel

Náučný chodník Kysihýbel - Banská Štiavnica

Educational trail Kysihýbel

21Sep

The education trail Kysihýbel begins and ends in Kysihýbel. It informs the visitors about some interesting facts about nature, forestry and history. The trail starts on the road from Banská Štiavnica to Banský Studenec, near the left turn by the fence of Kysihýbel Arboretum. It passes Feistmantel garden, Skálie

Sitno - Banská Štiavnica

Trip to Sitno, Počúvadlo lake

21Sep

Every visitor of this region should take a trip to Počúvadlo and Sitno.The shortest, steepest and most popular trail to Sitno Hill is from Počúvadlo Lake. It is approximately 3 km long with elevation gain of 150 m and takes around 2 hours. It can be managed by children and older hikers. Its description is in the text.

If you decide to walk to Sitno on foot from Banská Štiavnica, you can take the red trail that begins on Town Hall Square and continues under Klinger reservoir. In the saddle of Krížna, start following the blue trail in direction to Sitno.

You can also take the yellow trail from the saddle of Krížna, which leads around Počúvadlo Lake and from there along the most popular route to Sitno Hill – the green trail to the Tatar Meadow (906 m. a. s. l.) and from there along the blue trail across the Elova Crevice in between andesitic rocks, all the way to the top meadow plateau. At the Tatar Meadow, with a strong presence of wild roses, begins an educational trail with 13 stops.

A less steep, but longer trail leads from the village of Ilija. The trails are described on information boards in Ilija and near Počúvadlo Lake.

Ideal for families with small children or a baby stroller is the trail from Svätý Anton that leads quite a long distance up (to a ramp) on an asphalt road accessible by car. From there, the route to the top takes less than an hour. The hardly noticeable diversion (in direction Banská Štiavnica) is to be found behind the last houses in the village on the right-hand side. The diversion is indicated on the municipality’s information leaflet as well as on the information board at the parking lot near the manor house.

Source: banskastiavnica.travel

Banskoštiavnická kalvária - Banská Štiavnica

Calvary

21Sep

Štiavnica’s Calvary is one of the most beautiful baroque Calvaries in Europe. It is located on Scharfenberg (Sharp mount) hill, thus being visible from all sides and providing a complete view of Štiavnica’s caldera (a large crater which came about by collapsing of the walls of a volacnic crater). The Calvary is remarkable

Chodník Milana Kapustu po žile Terézia - Banská Štiavnica

TOP of Banska Stiavnica

21Sep

Whether you are in the Banská Štiavnica region for few hours our few days, you should not miss a walk through the Štiavnica centre, visiting a mine or visiting at least one of the artificial water reservoirs – tajchy. You will not see anything like that anywhere else.

TIP: We recommend using the guide services and Tourist Information Office in Holy Trinity Square (Námestie svätej Trojice).

Štiavnica Town Centre

Námeste v Banskej Štiavnici

Banská Štiavnica is a picturesque and photogenic town. There are churches, palaces of rich miners and town houses standing in the narrow valley, small mining houses are cringing in the hills above them. All of this is inter-linked by little romantic streets and paths with hundreds of stairs. Do not miss Štiavnica promenade – an elevated pathway Trotuár, Ružová Street. In case you are interested in beautiful views, walking higher is worth it.

Mines

It would be pity to visit Štiavnica without visiting a mine. Equipped with a mantle, helmet and a mining lamp, you will go down underground and try for yourself how people used to mine. Choose one of four possibilities – depending on time, place and the level of demand. If you stopped here just for a moment, visit at least a short and easy mining tunnel Michal placed directly in Holy Trinity Square (Námestie svätej Trojice).

Bane v Banskej Štiavnici

Tajchy (Artificial Water Reservoirs)

Tajchy in Štiavnica are extremely popular among local as well as other visitors. Long ago miners built an incredible water scheme composed of sixty interconnected water reservoirs, supplying energy for prosperous mining. Twenty-four of them remained, conjoined with nature. They are available for natural swimming, boating and fishing, ice skating and romantic walks in winter. Only a 15-minute walk from Veľká vodárenská tajch of turquoise colour separates you from Holy Trinity Square (Námestie svätej Trojice).

Tajch pri Banskej Štiavnici

Calvary

The Calvary of Banská Štiavnica is one of the most beautiful Baroque ones in Europe. It stands on the Scharfenberg hill and is visible from all cardinal points. It offers an overall view of the caldera of Štiavnica. After reconstruction it became one of the most visited places in the region.

Kalvária v Banskej Štiavnici

New Castle

Together with the Calvary, it is one of the visual icons of Banská Štiavnica. Its silhouette is unique in Europe; it reminds a rocket. Nový zámok Castle used to serve as a fortress and signal tower in the defence system of the mining town in central Slovakia in times of Turkish threat. At present it hosts the exhibition of battles against Turks, including weapon specimens. It also provides a view of far surrounding area. There is a Jewish cemetery nearby.

Nový zámok v Banskej Štiavnici

Old Castle

It is an old town core and reflects its history in brief. It was the first church; the majestic nave could seat more than 1000 people. Its location was strategic, so at first it was just fortified and later rebuilt into a fortress. Nowadays it is a place of pipe workshop, blacksmith exhibition and old torture chamber in the tower of Himmelsreich, exhibition of original Calvary sculptures and others. It has been one of the first museums since 1900. Take your time and visit the castle!

Starý zámok v Banskej Štiavnici

Kammerhof

Kammerhof aroused in mid-16th century by joining several burgher houses. Multiple reconstructions lead to the formation of an impressive building of those times, including features of all architectural styles. It was the seat of an office administering mines, smelt houses and mints in central Slovakia. In today’s exhibitions of Kammerhof you can find out much about the history of mining in Slovakia, as well as famous Mining Academy. You can also find here replicas of mining and laboratory equipment. Great Workshops for children take place here.

Kammerhof v Banskej Štiavnici

The Church of St. Katarína (St. Catherine’s Church)

Late Gothic Church of St. Katarína (St. Catherine’s Church) is among the most beautiful churches in Banská Štiavnica. Its original main altar was crafted in the workshop of an excellent Mater M.S. Its panel paintings are scattered across the world. The only painting of this precious collection which remained here, the Nativity of the Lord, is in church in Svätý Anton. Two sculptures of the old altar are displayed in Jozef Kollár Gallery in the “Trojica” (Trinity) square.

Kostol sv. Alžbety

Manor House and Museum in Svätý Anton (St. Anton)

The museum is one of the best in Slovakia. Until 1944 the Tsar of Bulgaria Cobug had been living here, therefore the manor house has been preserved in its original state. Thousands of trophies in the halls, original wallpapers and paintings of well-known painters are accompanied by a marvellous collection of old furniture. Golden drawing room (Zlatý salón) was given by Empress Maria Theresa to her daughter Maria Antoinette as a wedding gift. Entire ground floor is devoted to hunting exhibition. The manor house is surrounded by a park.

Múzeum Anton

Počúvadlo Lake and Sitno

An old legend says there are knights enchanted in the depths of Sitno. Once they will rise up and help Slovaks. One of the first tourist divisions in Europe marked tourist routes and built a place of view here. The view of the entire surrounding area from the rocks of Sitno is unique. The region is iconic thanks to Počúvadliansky tajch – one of the most beautiful artificial water reservoirs. You can boat and swim here. Homestead Mini-zoo is prepared for children. Climbing Sitno takes 1.5 hour. Set apart at least half a day for the trip.

Počúvadlo Sitno

The Štiavnica Region

The Štiavnica region was divided into mining settlements in the north and the municipalities with more fertile land in the south. In the mining municipalities of Hodruša-Hámre or Štiavnické Bane you can find technical monuments. Small mining houses are scattered on the surrounding hills. The southern municipalities used to supply goods for miners. They preserved the beauty of village architecture and keeping traditions. There used to be spa resorts in Vyhne and Sklené Teplice. The little Medieval church in Ilija and the Romanesque rotunda in Baďan can surprise lovers of old architecture. All this is set in beautiful countryside of the Štiavnica hills and tajchy.

Banská Štiavnica región

Hodruša – Hámre

More than 47 tons of gold and 2.5 tons of silver were extracted in the mines of Hodruša. Still, overshadowed by Banská Štiavnica, it has never developed into a town. Instead of luxurious houses and great squares only mining shacks scattered on the steep hillsides and many mining and technical monuments can be found here. The underground in 700-year-old mine of Starovšechsvätí guarantees an authentic mining experience. Internet pathway with QR codes will guide you through mining shacks. Mining Knocking Tower “Klopačka” hides hand-forged clockwork of 18th century and The Church of Svätý Mikuláš (St. Nicolas Church) is worth visiting as well. In summer, artificial water reservoirs “tajchy” attracts visitors by their pleasant refreshment. Active people are offered local hiking trails and mountain bike trails “Bike to tajch”. The surroundings here are beautiful in spring and autumn. In winter you can ski or do cross-country skiing in Slamandra resort. More about the municipality can be found here.

1200-800-hondrusa-hamre

Bicycle Routes in Štiavnica

Bicycle routes in Štiavnica “Bike to tajch” will lead you along forest roads and the tajchy. They specialise in bringing natural, tajchy and landmark experiences, as well as managing secure biking. This makes the routes perfect for recreational bikers and families with children, too. There is a family zone, some more demanding sightseeing routes through Štiavnica to the Calvary, as well as really demanding routes. There are 250 kilometres of well-marked circuits and joining routes, including maps and GPS data.

Veľký hodrušský okruh - Hondruša-Hamre

Source: banskastiavnica.travel